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Monday, August 3, 2020 | History

2 edition of Development of glass formulations containing high-level nuclear wastes / by Wayne A. Ross found in the catalog.

Development of glass formulations containing high-level nuclear wastes / by Wayne A. Ross

Wayne A Ross

Development of glass formulations containing high-level nuclear wastes / by Wayne A. Ross

by Wayne A Ross

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  • 31 Currently reading

Published by Dept. of Energy, Pacific Northwest Laboratory, for sale by the National Technical Information Service] in Richland, Wash, [Springfield, Va .
Written in English

  • Glass-ceramics,
  • Radioactive wastes,
  • Radioactive waste disposal

  • Edition Notes

    SeriesPNL ; 2481
    ContributionsUnited States. Dept. of Energy, Pacific Northwest Laboratory
    The Physical Object
    Paginationiii, 24, 4 p. :
    Number of Pages24
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL14882162M

      At the Hanford site, creating glass with radioactive waste is expected to start in around or , Goel said, and "the implications of our research will be much more visible by that time.". The NRC report, Rethinking High-Level Radioactive Waste Disposal, reaffirmed deep geological disposal as the best option for disposing of high-level radioactive waste. It called into question the direction of the U.S. program during the s and noted that the prescriptive approach being taken was.

    Radioactive waste management at nuclear power plants An overview of the types of low- and intermediate-level wastes and how they are handled by V. M. Efremenkov In many countries nuclear power plants are an impor-tant part of the national energy system. Nuclear power is economically competitive and environmentally cleanFile Size: KB. Disposal: From reprocessing of spent fuel rods, about 3% is high level liquid waste. 1) The liquid is dried in a furnace and then mixed with glass. 2) Molten material is then solidified in steel tubes, 3) Air flows around the tubes to keep it cool.

    Chemical and Nuclear Waste Disposal: Problems and Solutions James P. Murray,JosephJ. Harrington, and Richard Wilson I. Introduction The problems of waste disposal have always been with us. The Cold War left behind significant amounts of low-level nuclear waste, but the future may be a bit cleaner thanks to a team of scientists at the US Department of Energy's Pacific Northwest.

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Development of glass formulations containing high-level nuclear wastes / by Wayne A. Ross by Wayne A Ross Download PDF EPUB FB2

Get this from a library. Development of glass formulations containing high-level nuclear wastes. [Wayne A Ross; United States. Department of Energy.; Pacific Northwest Laboratory.]. Development of glass formulations containing high-level nuclear wastes / by Wayne A.

Ross (PNL) [Wayne A Ross] The particular siting dilemma considered in this book is the problem of how to "dispose" of the high-level nuclear wastes; High-Level Nuclear Waste Repository. But dealing with the nuclear waste legacy of the Cold War will require state-of-the-art facilities and advanced glass formulations.

Ian Pegg is a professor of physics and director of the Vitreous State Laboratory at the Catholic University of America in Washington, by: Figure is an attempt to unify the development of vitreous waste forms by year and country since the late s. The historical development of the glass formulations and the importance of a whole systems evaluation (waste form performance vs.

processing aspects) will be summarized below with special reference to the development in the by: 7. on final disposal of high-level nuclear waste.

The dis-posal of high-level nuclear waste [] is gaining a new momentum [4] due to the need for more electricity with minimal emission of CO. andother greenhouse gases to limit global warming. Apart from disposal of safely produced SNF or high- level radioactive waste, the possibility of File Size: 1MB.

van Geel, H. Esclirich, W. Heimerl, and P. Grziwa, Solidification of High-level Liquid Wastes to Phosphate Glass-metal Matrix Blocks, in “Proceedings of Symposium on the Man-agement of Radioactive Wastes From the Nuclear Fuel Cycle,” IAEA, Vienna, Vol. I, p. Google ScholarCited by: Hanford’ low activity waste glass [2] and the ‘Defence Waste Processing Facility’ high-level waste glass [3] are reported to incorporate up to 24 wt% total sodium.

Titanium containing glasses, such as the high-level waste advanced vitrification system glass used in India [4 -5] have shown similarly high incorporations [6]. The glass with the most promise as a waste form is the TeO2–PbO system, as it offers good halide retention, a low sodium release (by PCT) comparable with high-level waste silicate glass waste.

J.X. Lu, C.S. Poon, Recycling of waste glass in construction materials (Chapter 6), New Trends in Eco-efficient and Recycled Concrete, 1st Edition, Woodhead Publishing, () – P.

Van Iseghem, in Nuclear Corrosion Science and Engineering, Modelling. Three types of modelling approaches used to study nuclear waste glass dissolution can be distinguished: geochemical models, analytical models and, more recently, newer approaches such as molecular modelling.

Different codes can be used in geochemical modelling, with those most frequently used in nuclear waste glass. GLASS-CERAMICS FOR NUCLEAR-WASTE IMMOBILIZATION MRS BULLETIN • VOLUME 42 • MARCH • w w w.

m r s. o r g / b u l l e t i n based on celsian (BaAl 2 Si 2 O 8), fresnoite (BaTiSi 2 O 8), sphene (CaTiSiO 5), basalt, and zirconolite. 4, 5, 16, 17 A potentially more desirable approach for nuclear-waste glass-ceramics occurs. Turning nuclear waste into glass could offer a cheaper and more viable disposal solution for this toxic material, researchers have found.

Over 75% of nuclear waste produced in the UK is classified as intermediate level waste (ILW) - this is currently encapsulated in specially formulated cement through a mixing process and sealed in steel drums. Interim Report on High Level Waste Glass Model Development Deliverable ID MOL The regulatory requirements are stated in NRC CFR60 "Disposal of High-Level Radioactive Wastes in Geologic Repositories".

In the CDA, the requirements are in sections (Isolate Waste) and (Contain Waste). In the EBDRD, the requirements are. Abstract. Resistance to aqueous corrosion is the most important requirement of glasses designed to immobilize high level radioactive wastes. Obtaining a highly durable nuclear waste glass is complicated by the requirement that melting, homogenization, and casting be rapid and capable of remote operations and occur at temperatures generally around °C in order to reduce volatilization of Cs Cited by: 1.

@article{osti_, title = {Glass Property Models, Constraints, and Formulation Approaches for Vitrification of High-Level Nuclear Wastes at the US Hanford Site}, author = {Kim, Dong-Sang}, abstractNote = {The legacy nuclear wastes stored in underground tanks at the US Department of Energy’s Hanford site is planned to be separated into high-level waste and low-activity waste fractions.

Nuclear Regulatory Commission Contract NRC Prepared by Center for Nuclear Waste Regulatory Analyses San Antonio, Texas September T An Assessment of Borosilicate Glass as a High-Level Waste Form.

high level waste immobilisation is vitrification with glass. To check durability of the waste forms, several leaching methods have been defined but none of them can be considered as standard. The Soxhlet method was used to check on durability during the development of new waste form composition, to evaluate changes due to.

@article{osti_, title = {Advanced High-Level Waste Glass Research and Development Plan}, author = {Peeler, David K. and Vienna, John D. and Schweiger, Michael J. and Fox, Kevin M.}, abstractNote = {The U.S.

Department of Energy Office of River Protection (ORP) has implemented an integrated program to increase the loading of Hanford tank wastes in glass while meeting melter. Nuclear Waste. STUDY. PLAY. High level waste. Heat generating Temperature rise due to radioactive activity, order >2kW/m^3 Waste containing LLW & nonradioactive toxic / hazardous wastes (e.g Cd) Glasses are.

acrystalline x-ray amorphous materials (short range order only wrt xrays). Glass formulation for phase 1 high-level waste vitrification Vienna, J.D.; et al. Apr 01 K PNNL PNL vitrification technology development project high-waste loaded high-level waste glasses for high-temperature melter: Letter report Kim, D.; et al.

Feb 01 K DOE/ER/ Settling of Spinel in A High-Level Waste Glass Melter. Since as early asthere has been an consensus in the international scientific and technical communities that deep geological disposal with a system of multiple barriers to radionuclide release is the primary option for the disposal of high-level radioactive waste.

Ideally, the system of.The development of assessed and consistent phase equilibria and thermodynamic data for major glass constituents used to incorporate high-level nuclear waste is discussed in this paper.

The initial research has included the binary Na{sub 2}O-SiO{sub 2}, Na{sub 2}O-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}, and SiO{sub 2}-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} systems.

The nuclear waste glass is assumed to be a supercooled liquid Cited by: 1.High-level waste contains higher levels of the “cold chemicals,” such as aluminum, that were used in the more inefficient stages of plutonium production and that don’t dissolve easily in glass.